Where the County has been able to secure federal grant funding for transportation maintenance, the grant funding requires a lengthy project development process. Project development takes typically four to five years from the time we submit a grant application to the start of construction activity. The County has been diligent in pursuing grants to extend our limited resources. However, projects that were under development during the COVID shutdown sustained significant delays due to the following conditions: courts were out of commission for property acquisition; the industry was struggling to adjust to remote work; and there were formidable staffing shortages. All of that slowed down project development and construction.